New York City (NYC), aka The Big Apple, The City that Never Sleeps, Gotham, or Empire State, is currently the most extensive and most expensive state to live in the United States. It is located Northeast of America, occupying 783.8 square kilometers of land area, and home to 8.4 million residents as of 2019 statistics. It is a melting pot of multiple cultures diversified by 800 language groups, all working together to maintain NYC’s glory.
Long before New York City has earned the spot of being the most developed state in the country, it has first surpassed many trials from past aggressors. NYC was inhabited by the Native Americans in the pre-colonial era until 1594 when a European colonizer, Giovanni Da Verrazzano, working for France Empire, claimed the state. Since then, New York hasn’t slept of significant events that brought it on where it is today.
After being claimed by the French empire, the Dutch empire took over NYC in 1625. Unlike France, which aimed to spread Catholicism, the Dutch colonizer’s purpose was to find a way from Asia to North America. Still, it was captivated by the growing fur trade in the territory.
It was only until 1664 that NYC got its name in commemoration of the Duke of York. NYC was surrendered by the Dutch to English colonizers by this time.
Revolutionaries also fought America’s most significant event in its timeline in NYC. In 1775, under “The American Revolution,” nationalism was ignited by the colonizers’ financial burden left to locals. NYC has been the headquarters of the uprising that lasted for seven years. Fast forward in the 1790s until the 19th century, NYC became a progressive and densely populated city, a center of trade known worldwide.
NYC is geographically divided by five boroughs, namely Manhattan, Staten Island, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx, all bounded by subways, tunnels, bridges, and other means of transportation. There are about 50 million visitors setting foot in NYC per year, tourists compelled not only by spots to see but also by the hyperactivity of city life.
Dubbed as the most exciting city in the United States, NYC was also named “The Big Apple,” coined in 1920 by John Fitz Gerald, a sports journalist amazed by the big prize horse racers can get in the city. Not to known to many is that NYC embodies the moniker since it has about 700 apple orchards producing 29 million bushels a year.
On the other hand, NYC’s other moniker, “The City that Never Sleeps,” was gotten from the abundance of nightlife activities, 24/7 subway and establishment operations, and extended working hours. In this place, boredom has no place.
Exploring NYC can be done in many ways – by foot, tram, bus, subway, or the iconic yellow NYC cab. Public transportation is prevalent and affordable compared to taking a taxi. There are only 1% of New Yorkers taking a cab to get around the state.
Probably what makes up NYC’s identity is the subway system established in 1904. Now, it has about 36 lines connecting the five boroughs through 472 stations. Subway operates 24 hours a day and is notable with packed commuters juggling life every day.
Travelers are also compelled by the iconic spots found in the industrialized city. NYC houses one of the most iconic spots in the United States like the classical Statue of Liberty, the 443-meter-tall Empire State Building, the 1.8-kilometer Brooklyn Bridge and the scenic Central Park in Manhattan. These spots are all historic not only to New York’s but also to United States’ culture.
In terms of economy, NYC also up the majority of United States’ progress. Its economy is almost worth the gross domestic product (GDP) of Canada and South Korea. If favored by odds until 2035, NYC is expected to exceed Tokyo’s economy. Directly proportional to the boom of its GDP is also the meager unemployment rate in the city. NYC’s growing economy is also driven by being the top exporter of diamond and luxury goods in the world.
All of NYC’s glory is played by its restless workers juggling the hustle and bustle in the big apple. NYC’s workforce is composed of 50% immigrants working in several sectors in the state. The government recognizes this convergence of bright minds and diverse culture as a backbone of a modernized NYC. The city’s top immigrants are of Hispanic descent, followed by African-Americans and Asians, respectively.
NYC has gone so many sleepless nights to be in front of the race. It is a state of busy tourists and restless workers and a place where people with dreams work hard for better opportunities. There’s also no introduction needed, for NYC’s name equates progress every time it is brought up. The world is rooting for NYC’s glory.